In his theories Kurt Lewin spoke about different educational styles. At the end of the
30th he made different experiments together with his colleagues
Ronald Lippitt and Ralph K. White. They observed the power of different
educational styles and wanted to find out, how they have an influence on the performance of
He first differentiated between an authoritarian, democratic and laissez-faire educational style.
This classification was up to date until the years of the 1970th. This was the first try of an empiric
detection of the results.
Lewins classification of three different styles was extended by Glen H. Elder in
1962. He also used the terms autocratic, narcissistic and
toxic educartional styles.